Infertility causes heightened anxiety in both a woman and her partner, and one of the causes of this could be infertility, as it could result in irregular periods or the accumulation of male hormone androgen.
PCOS, or polycystic ovarian syndrome, is a hormonal disorder that affects the ovaries and causes an imbalance in the ovulation of women of reproductive age such that they get fewer periods than usual.
It is quite a common disorder amongst women of child-bearing age but many women don’t even know as sometimes the symptoms are covert and do not show early enough.
Read on to learn more about the possible causes of PCOS, its possible effects on a woman’s body, and also its treatment.
PCOS is characterized by three main features viz: cysts in the ovaries, high levels of male hormones, and irregular or skipped periods.
The word “polycystic” means “many cysts”, and what happens in PCOS is that many small, fluid-filled sacs grow inside the ovaries. These sacs are follicles, with each one containing an immature egg that never mature enough to trigger ovulation. This lack of ovulation then alters the woman’s levels of estrogen, progesterone, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), and Luteinizing Hormone (LH). It results in progesterone levels becoming lower than usual, while androgen levels become higher than usual. These extra male hormones then disrupt the menstrual cycle, and the women affected get fewer periods than usual.
The cause of PCOS is currently unknown. However, factors such as genes, insulin resistance, and high body levels of inflammation have been reported as contributory.
PCOS symptoms that are most present commonly are:
PCOS causes women to suffer from a lack of ovulation, and this prevents the uterine lining from shedding its wall every month. It has been reported that some women with PCOS get fewer than eight periods a year while some get none at all.
Since there’s an irregular shedding, the uterine lining then builds up for long periods of and as such, the periods a woman with PCOS would become heavier than normal.
For those, especially unmarried women who don’t initially worry about the irregular periods, increased hair growth on the face, back, belly, and chest becomes a worry for the more than 70 percent of women with this condition, and thus makes them go the hospital grow. This excess hair growth is called hirsutism.
Androgen, which is the male hormone produced more in women with PCOS can make the skin oilier than usual and cause breakouts on areas like the face, chest, and upper back.
Obesity is a common feature as up to 80 percent of women with PCOS have been reported to be overweight or have obesity.
Male pattern baldness:
The culprit again is the male hormone, or androgen, which causes the hair on the scalp to get thinner and may also fall out.
Darkening of the skin:
The skin could develop areas of dark patches in body creases like those of the neck, groin, and below the breasts.
Hormonal changes and imbalance can trigger headaches in some women who have PCOS.
The treatment of PCOS is majorly clinical from the signs and symptoms presented to a doctor. A diagnosis of PCOS is typically made in women who have at least two of these three symptoms highlighted below:
Women’s wellness center headed by Dr. Joelle Osias, a women’s health specialist in Mento Park Ca, can offer quality PCOS treatment near you.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) cannot be cured completely, but the symptoms can be effectively managed.
Treatment options can vary because different women present with different symptoms.
Lifestyle changes to lose excess weight are a part of the PCOS treatment diet. Then, if there’s infertility, or hirsutism, or diabetes, the attending doctor would prescribe medications that can manage these symptoms to a desirable extent.